How To Fear | Part I

FEAR IS A common emotion, and “scared” is a word we often hear. It is an older sense of the English word “fear” that is key to our success in responding to Allah’s Guidance, and thus in attaining His blessings. Allah repeatedly…

Learned Helplessness

IN 1965, MARTIN E.P. Seligman, while studying the relationship between fear and learning, accidentally discovered an unexpected phenomenon while doing experiments on dogs using Pavlovian (classical conditioning) technique. Seligman used a harmless electric shock to condition and restrain the dog so it…